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In Support of the Common Defense Journal, Volume 2

Authors: Multiple
Date Published: 201306
In The Common Defense is a journal of strategic thought focused on issues related to homeland defense and homeland security. Drawing on research that has been conducted at the United States Army War College, the journal features studies on various topics related to defending and securing the homeland, including: Counterterrorism; Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA); Cyber Security; Transnational Criminal Threats; Consequence Management; Infrastructure Protection; and Border Security. The goal of In The Common Defense is to share these research findings and encourage strategic level discussions of current and emerging issues surrounding domestic security in the United States. In the process, the U.S. Army War College seeks to contribute to, and encourage these vital examinations, across the Army, the Federal Interagency, academia, and the rest of the homeland security enterprise.
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Information as Power, Volume 6

Authors: Multiple
Date Published: 20120531
The U.S. Army War College is pleased to present this anthology of selected student work from Academic Year 2011 representing examples of well-written and in-depth analyses on the vital subject of Information as Power. This is the sixth volume of an effort that began in 2006. The anthology is an important component of an effort to coordinate and recommend the design, development and integration of content and courses related to the information element of power into the curriculum to prepare our students for senior leadership positions. Broken into sections emphasizing information effects in the cyberspace domain and the cognitive dimension as well as information sharing, the anthology provides a holistic overview of important national security issues in that regard.
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In Support of the Common Defense Journal - Volume 1

Authors: Multiple
Date Published: 201204
The Homeland Defense and Security Issues Group of the United States Army War College?s Center for Strategic Leadership is proud to present the initial volume of the In Support of the Common Defense Journal. This journal consists of selected student works taken from the classes of 2010 and 2011. The themes addressed by these papers follow the headlines of America?s security concerns - the southwest border of the United States, safeguarding ?cyberspace,? and a dedicated assessment of the terrorist threat and its immediacy to our people. Beyond that they also address less intuitive issues, such as the appropriate relationship between military and civil agencies over a range of domestic situations, and within the military itself between military components within the context of envisioned civil-military response. In some cases, our contributors have reached beyond singular military application to examine existing strategies and evolving conditions surrounding emergency management and other aspects of homeland security. In all cases what this initial volume contains is a disciplined brand of strategic thinking against issues of import to the defense and security of the homeland.
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Sustainability and National Security

Authors: N/A
Date Published: 201201
Military forces must have the land, air, water, and energy/fuel to train and operate today, and into the future. In a world that has finite resources and is increasingly experiencing high competition for these resources, how can these resources be assured, how can conflict over scarce resources be avoided and when can cooperation over resources issues be used to promote peace? This research report addresses how security organizations throughout the world are, or could be, approaching sustainability.
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Sustainability and National Security: Chapter Two, "Sustainability: A Lens for National Security"

Authors: Kent Butts, Ph.D; Brent Bankus, M.S.
Date Published: 201201
The Center for Strategic Leadership's National Security Issues Branch collected and published works from subject matter experts who explore the importance of sustainability and its impact on the Department of Defense in a variety of ways: everything from sustainability and global security issues to sustainability of individual installations. Chapter Two, "Sustainability: A Lens for National Security" in the CSL book ?Sustainability and National Security,? lays out a valuable overall perspective to Sustainability?s many potential values for those crafting national security policy roles and missions for the elements of national power. The authors argue that Sustainability provides an invaluable lens for viewing the national security landscape of the United States, and that it can and should be a key element of any foundation for developing U.S. national security policy.
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Sustainability and National Security

Authors: Jim Hartman, Ph.D.
Date Published: 20111202
With the importance of sustainability and its impact on the Department of Defense, CSL's National Security Issues Branch has collected works from subject matter experts who cover the topic in a variety of ways in everything from sustainability and national security to sustainability of installations. In particular, Dr. Jim Hartman's chapter, "Sustainability and National Security" in the newly published book of the same name, examines the evolution of the Army's sustainability program and its contributions to the national strategic security objectives. The growing world population and imbalance of natural resources are expected to affect US, as well as Army, interests. Dr. Hartman asserts sustainability is the nexus to ensure future security, which can only be achieved through the development and implementation of sound business practices. Dr. Hartman opines the Army, as a large institution, is well suited to lead a whole of government approach to sustainability.
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Mexico and the Triple Threat

Authors: Sharon L. Cardash, Frank J. Cilluffo, and Bert B. Tussing
Date Published: 20111025
On October 21st, 2011, the U.S. Army War College Center for Strategic Leadership and the George Washington University Homeland Security Policy Institute (HSPI) released an issue brief on Mexico and the triple challenge of crime, terrorist tactics, and narco-insurgency. Reviewing the extent of the triple threat and efforts to respond to it, both individually and jointly on the part of the Government of Mexico and the United States Government, co-authors Sharon L. Cardash, Frank J. Cilluffo, and Bert B. Tussing write: "The question remains...whether strategy and doctrine in Mexico, in the United States, and in the region can and will keep pace with the triple threat...that is at once adaptive, lethal, and determined." Noting the "complex multidimensional" nature of the challenge, and acknowledging that "facts on the ground will continue to mutate," the authors conclude: "In addition to...careful, patient work that supports operations, we must also do the hard strategic thinking to further develop a comprehensive (multi-dimensional, multi-instrument) plan to work with Mexico to help create and reinforce the institutional and social foundations and developments needed to achieve strategic success in the long run. This undertaking will be especially challenging at a time of domestic and international economic turbulence and restraint. Granted, policy without resources is rhetoric ? but we must also try to work smarter and better.
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U.S. Pacific Command Pacific Environmental Security Conference

Authors: Mr. Todd Wheeler, COL Phil Jones, COL Doug Charney, COL Cheryl Ludwa
Date Published: 20111010
The United States Pacific Command (USPACOM) enlisted the Center for Strategic Leadership's National Security Issues Group to develop a conference to discuss regional environmental security issues. The Pacific Environmental Security Conference (PESC) was held on March 14-17, 2011, just four days following Japan's devastating earthquake and tsunami. This international event set the tone for the importance of the conference and exemplified the value of international, civil-military cooperation in all phases of disaster management. The conference focused on four broad topic areas: Environmental Security and Sustainability, Water Resources Management, Adaptation to Climate Change, and Disaster Preparedness. The primary aim of the conference was to review the major environmental security issues facing the region and engage in a policy-oriented dialogue that examined joint civil-military environmental security efforts.
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In the Dark; Military Planning for a Catastrophic Critical Infrastructure Event

Authors: Mr. Kevin Cogan
Date Published: 20110518
The preservation of the electric grid is central to the defense of the United States. To assess the state of preparedness of the nation in the event of the loss of critical infrastructure, especially the electrical and communications infrastructure, the Center of Strategic Leadership at the U.S. Army War College conducted a three day workshop which assembled a body of subject matter experts, civic leaders, and electric industry providers to create awareness, discuss threat postures, and recommend actions to better prepare for the possibility of a critical infrastructure failure or collapse of the electrical grid and associated electronic devices due to either a solar storm, electromagnetic pulse (EMP), or a cyber attack.
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Cyberspace Operations: What Senior Leaders Need to Know About Cyberspace

Authors: William Waddell
Date Published: 20110325
As is the case for the rest of modern society, the U.S. Department of Defense is reliant on complex information systems that utilize global computer networks for rapid sharing of information and the operation of critical infrastructure. As dependence on these vulnerable networks increase, commanders must be directly involved because of the great operational impact of network failure or degradation. However, there is concern that many senior leaders are being thrust into an area for which they are poorly equipped. It is imperative that academic institutions provide cyberspace education opportunities for future commanders as well as government and private sector leaders. Based on this new educational requirement, the Cyberspace Operations Group of the Center for Strategic Leadership, U.S. Army War College, conducted a three-day workshop to explore the cyberspace issues that should be addressed in senior service college-level education and similar senior leader education programs. This study provides a comprehensive report on the proceedings of the workshop.
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Information as Power, Volume 5

Authors:
Date Published: 20110128
The Information in Warfare Working Group (I2WG) of the U.S. Army War College (USAWC) is pleased to present this anthology of selected student work from Academic Year 2010 representing examples of well-written and in-depth analyses on the vital subject of Information as Power. We hope that this effort will serve to inform the broader body of knowledge as the Nation strives to operate effectively within the global information environment and to counter current and potentially future adversaries who exploit it.
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Information as Power, Volume 4

Authors: N/A
Date Published: 20100315
The Information in Warfare Working Group (I2WG) of the U.S. Army War College (USAWC) is pleased to present this anthology of selected student work from Academic Year 2009 representing examples of well-written and in-depth analyses on the vital subject of Information as Power. We hope that this effort will serve to inform the broader body of knowledge as the Nation strives to operate effectively within the global information environment and to counter current and potentially future adversaries who exploit it.
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Understanding Africa: A Geographic Approach

Authors: Amy Richmond Krakowka and Laurel J. Hummel, Editors
Date Published: 20091123
Africa is a very large continent, one with 53 independent states fraught with a troubled and complex historical geography. While most Americans have a general sense that modern Africa is beset with difficulty, there is little real understanding of Africa. It seems that one of the reasons Americans don?t consider Africa much is that frankly what little we know tends to make us uncomfortable and confused. The editors of this book hope to help turn attention towards this continent, one with an enormous amount of environmental value and human potential even though it is beset with serious problems which, if not solved, will continue to seriously degrade both. They offer it as the fruit of the geographer?s art, one that seeks to know both the physical and human characteristics of places, and how those characteristics intertwine and interact to make a place the way it is, and different from other places.
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Bullets and Blogs: New Media and the Warfighter

Authors: Deirdre Collings and Rafal Rohozinski
Date Published: 20091015
In recent years, adversaries, armed with new media capabilities and an information-led warfighting strategy, have proven themselves capable of challenging the most powerful militaries in the world. Twitter, YouTube, Facebook and blogs have arguably become as important to the strategic outcome of military operations as bullets, troops and air power.
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The New Chemistry of C2

Authors: Kevin J. Cogan and William O. Waddell
Date Published: 20090710
Military operations, capabilities, and the speed of events have been changing with great intensity for the last decade. With this rapid change in military capabilities, a new way of considering the command and control (C2) of units and systems in order to effectively meet the opponent and have an advantage in the conflict is needed. The old ways of conducting business and being constrained semantically have no place in current and future warfare and will negatively influence the potential of success. The analogy of organic chemistry seems to be an excellent fit for the concepts of organizational configuration, especially when agility is required to meet emerging operational concepts. The ability to focus the organization towards the objective and to enable all essential elements of power to converge on the opponent with agility will be the "New Chemistry" of C2.
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China's Pursuit of Africa's Natural Resources

Authors: Kent H. Butts
Date Published: 20090615
Explore China's developing interest in African stability and long-term access to African resources. The expense and extent of Chinese efforts to garner natural resources in various African locales seems to indicate an intent not to compete on the open market for resources, but rather to own them and their associated infrastructure outright so as to create a secure source of supply. Bankus and Butts examine China's efforts in Africa through the lens of the three variables that have characterized U.S. national security strategy: diplomacy, development, and defense.
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Information as Power, Volume 3

Authors: Jeffrey L. Caton, Blane R. Clark, Jeffrey L. Groh, Dennis M. Murphy (Editors)
Date Published: 20090123
The Information in Warfare Working Group (I2WG) of the U.S. Army War College (USAWC) is pleased to present this anthology of selected student work from Academic Year 2008 representing examples of well-written and in-depth analyses on the vital subject of Information as Power. We hope that this effort will serve to inform the broader body of knowledge as the Nation strives to operate effectively within the global information environment and to counter current and potentially future adversaries who exploit it.
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Fighting Back: New Media and Military Operations

Authors: Dennis M. Murphy
Date Published: 20081115
If the United States military hopes to fight and win in a future information environment dominated by new media it must fully understand both the opportunities and challenges of that environment. This includes the ability to exploit new media to achieve military objectives and defeat an adversary's skilled use of it.
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Leadership in the Era of the Human Singularity: New Demands, New Skills, New Response, The Proteus Monograph Series, Volume 2, Issue 4

Authors: Barton Kunstler, Ph.D.
Date Published: 20081017
The "human singularity" refers to the integration of technology into the human body so that levels of mental acuity and physical ability eclipse all previous known levels. This monograph deals with novel models of leadership and associated skills which will be necessary to deal with a broad front of converging technologies such as nanotechnology, bioengineering, supercomputing, materials development, and robotics that may make these "singularities" commonplace.
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Counterfactual Reasoning: A Basic Guide for Analysts, Strategists, and Decision Makers, The Proteus Monograph Series, Volume 2, Issue 5

Authors: Noel Hendrickson, Ph.D.
Date Published: 20081017
Counterfactual reasoning is the process of evaluating conditional claims about alternate possibilities and their consequences. This monograph discusses the need for a comprehensive system of counterfactual reasoning to establish whether underlying assumptions are plausible. Such a system would have immense potential for analytic transformation as it would unite or replace a series of existing techniques of assessing alternate possibilities
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State Emergency Management Staff Training and Evaluation

Authors: LTC Anthony Abbott
Date Published: 20080915
Since the 9/11 attacks and Hurricane Katrina the importance of emergency response planning and execution has risen significantly. The goal of any emergency response is to assess, react, and recover from an emergency so that local communities can resume normal activities as quickly and effectively as possible. But how does an organization like a state emergency management agency better prepare itself to accomplish an effective all hazards response? The answer lies at least partially in an effective collective staff training and evaluation program.
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Information as Power, Volume 2

Authors: Jeffrey L. Groh, David J. Smith, Cynthia E. Ayers, William O. Waddel
Date Published: 20080215
The Information in Warfare Working Group (I2WG) of the U.S. Army War College (USAWC) is pleased to present this anthology of selected student work from Academic Year 2007 representing examples of well-written and in-depth analyses on the vital subject of Information as Power. This is the second volume of an effort that began in 2006.
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Holistic Integrative Analysis of International Change, The Proteus Monograph Series, Volume 1, Issue 3

Authors: Jeffrey L. Groh, David J. Smith, Cynthia E. Ayers, William O. Waddell
Date Published: 20080115
The Information in Warfare Working Group (I2WG) of the U.S. Army War College (USAWC) is pleased to present this anthology of selected student work from Academic Year 2007 representing examples of well-written and in-depth analyses on the vital subject of Information as Power. This is the second volume of an effort that began in 2006.
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Proteus Workshop Report 2007

Authors: Multiple
Date Published: 20071215
The 2007 Proteus Workshop Report provides a detailed discussion of the highlights and proceedings of the workshop held 14-16 August 07 at the Center for Strategic Leadership, USAWC. The event, centered on examining future complex security issues through creative and holistic analysis and decision making across the elements of national power (Diplomatic, Informational, Military and Economic). The workshop's purpose was to identify relevant work that will assist strategic and high-operational level decision makers, planners, and analysts within the Joint, Interagency, Intergovernmental, and Multinational community in "outside the box" consideration and critical analysis of national, military, and intelligence issues. Representatives from U.S. Government agencies, think tanks, academia, international organizations, and the private sector participated.
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"Toward a Mathematical Theory of Counterterrorism" Proteus Monograph Series 1, Volume 2

Authors: Jonathan David Farley, PhD
Date Published: 20071215
When then U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld was making this statement: "Today we lack metrics to know if we are winning or losing the global war on terror," the RAND journal Studies in Conflict and Terrorism was already attempting to address his concern. Wars are composed of battles, so presumably the war on terror is composed - at least in part - of battles against terrorist cells. But how can one tell if those battles have been won? How can we measure that? In this monograph, the author lays out a mathematical model for answering these questions. Although not meant to be all inclusive, he shows through his examples, some uses, details and suggestions for possible improvements in current processes. If one accepts the formalism of the model, with a few additional and reasonable assumptions, one can ask, "What is the structure of the 'perfect' terrorist cell? Which terrorist cells are most robust? Which cells are least likely to be disrupted if a certain number of its members have been captured or killed?"
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"Truth, Perception and Consequences" Proteus Monograph Series 1, Volume 1

Authors: Christine A. R. MacNulty
Date Published: 20071115
Executive Summary: Intelligence, Information Operations (IO) and Strategic Communication (SC) require a deep cultural and contextual understanding of our adversaries and, in some cases, our allies. They also require a deep understanding of our own cultural biases, so that we see clearly while looking through our own cultural lens. While there may be a single "truth" out there, most of what we "see" and our adversaries "see" is perception, not truth. Although we have achieved some of our primary objectives in these areas, we have often only achieved first order results at the expense of longer-term strategic goals. In some cases, we have failed to achieve our desired results and have created unintended consequences because of a lack of a systems perspective and the ability to see patterns and understand complex systems on a strategic scale and a lack understanding different cultural context and cognitive dimensions.
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Threats at our Threshold

Authors: Prof. Bert B. Tussing
Date Published: 20071015
The terrible wake-up call of 9/11 brought homeland security and homeland defense into full focus for a nation ill-prepared for the threat of transnational terrorism. Our nation has done much to meet that threat, yet much more still needs to be done. Balancing security concerns against those of individual liberties, ensuring parallel commitments to law enforcement and defense remain complementary but distinct, are just two of the issues of concern. In this spirit, the U.S. Army War College's Center for Strategic Leadership partnered with The George Washington University, the Center for Strategic and International Studies, and the Heritage Foundation to conduct the first annual Homeland Defense/Homeland Security conference. The conference was an ambitious endeavor, designed to draw on a cross-section of experience from the partner institutions, their supporters, and their audiences in addressing the issues at hand. This volume is a reflection of those discussions.
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Proteus Futures Workshop 2006: Analyzing Future Complex National Security Challenges within the Joint, Interagency, Intergovernmental, and Multinational Environment

Authors: Multiple
Date Published: 20070130
The Proteus Management Group conducted its first futures academic workshop August 22-24, 2006 at the Center for Strategic Leadership. This highly successful workshop brought together interested international leaders and scholars from across various government, military, intelligence, academic and business communities to share their views on the application and use of the Proteus Insights and other new and innovative concepts, processes and methods. The 2006 Proteus Workshop Report provides a detailed discussion of the workshop highlights and proceedings.
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Information as Power

Authors: Editors: Prof. D. Murphy, Dr. J. Groh, Colonel D. Smith, and Prof. C. Ayers
Date Published: 20070126
The Information in Warfare Working Group (I2WG) of the United States Army War College is pleased to present this anthology of selected student work from Academic Year 2006 representing examples of well-written and in-depth analyses on the vital subject of Information in Warfare. The compilation serves not only to showcase the efforts of the College but to inform the broader body of knowledge as the Nation struggles to operate effectively within the current information environment and to counter an adversary who so effectively exploits it.
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Network Centric Warfare Case Study Volume I: Operations U.S. V Corps and 3rd Infantry Division (Mechanized) during Operation Iraqi Freedom (March-April 2003)

Authors: Dave Cammons, John B. Tisserand III, Duane E. Williams, Alan Seise, Doug Lindsay
Date Published: 20061106
U.S. Army War College?s (USAWC) Center for Strategic Leadership in cooperation with the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) Office of Force Transformation (OFT) initiated a study entitled ?Network Centric Warfare Case Study: U.S. V Corps and 3rd Infantry Division (Mechanized) during Operation Iraqi Freedom (March-April 2003)? Previous case studies have quite adequately covered the ?shooter-sensor? interface from a systems perspective. None, however, have addressed the impact of Network Centric Warfare (NCW) from the human perspective. This is the essence of land warfare, and why this study is so important. Volume I, entitled ?Operations? uses the metrics provided in the NCW Conceptual Framework as the guide in the conduct of the analysis concerning the applicability of NCW tenets during the conduct of major offensive combat operations.
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Network Centric Warfare Case Study Volume II: A View of Command, Control, Communications and Computer Architectures at the Dawn of Network Centric Warfare

Authors: Kevin Cogan, CPT Raymond DeLucio. Dave Cammons Project Director
Date Published: 20061106
?A View of Command, Control, Communications, and Computer Architectures at the Dawn of Network Centric Warfare,? provides the military reader with three insights: 1) a historical view of the advances in technology that ultimately enabled a computer communications network; 2) an encapsulation of the Army command, control, communications, and computer (C4) architecture for V Corps and 3 ID during the two specific timeframes referred to as pre-OIF and OIF-1; 3) an examination of future communications programs that are underway for the next generation of C4 architecture with respect to the ability of the DoD acquisition process to keep pace with the rapid advances in technology.
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Network Centric Warfare Case Study Volume III: Network Centric Warfare Insights

Authors: John B. Tisserand III. Dave Cammons Project Director
Date Published: 20061106
This volume builds upon the results of a study of Network Centric Warfare (NCW) entitled Network Centric Warfare Case Study, Volume I: Operations; U.S. V Corps and 3rd Infantry Division (Mechanized) during Operation Iraqi Freedom (March-April 2003).

During the past decade, United States Armed Forces have been in the process of transforming from an Industrial Age to an Information Age military. This transformation is a long way from being completed; however, the maneuver phase of Operation Iraqi Freedom demonstrated the emerging power and potential of information-networked forces.
This volume is meant to provide the military reader with two sets of insights: first, an introductory view of implications of network centric warfare for the operational and strategic levels of war, and second, a series of six short tactical-level battle stories or vignettes that can be used to further the study of network centric warfare tenets and to illustrate the impact of new technologies on organizations, leaders, and combat effectiveness.

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Shifting Fire: Information Effects in Counterinsurgency and Stability Operations ? A Workshop Report

Authors: Deirdre Collings and Rafal Rohozinski
Date Published: 20061106
The workshop on which this report is based occurred at an interesting historical juncture, just prior to the release of the updated Information Operations doctrine, and draft Counterinsurgency doctrine, as well as the formal adoption of Security, Stability, Transition and Reconstruction Operations (SSTRO) as an accepted DOD transition mission. The insights and record of debate contained within this report reflect the tensions, frustrations and expectations among senior practitioners during a time of rapid change and mounting challenges. The report captures important insights and points to the complexity and scope of the challenges. In this way provides elements of a roadmap for engagement. Please click on either the Full Version link or the Abridged Version link to access the respective copies of the report.
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Peace and Stability Education Workshop Report

Authors: Mr. Michael Cross, Editor.
Date Published: 20060323
The Peace and Stability Education Workshop, held in September 2005, brought together participants from disparate organizations within the military, interagency, non-governmental and international organizations and academic institutions in order to establish and maintain a continuing dialogue among entities/individuals in the peacekeeping, reconstruction and stability operations (PS&RO) community. Its goal was to explore ways to improve education in the PS&RO arena. Educator and operator development will continue to be advanced through the annual Education Workshops. This report is a verbatim transcript, complete with slides, of that workshop.
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The Struggle Against Extremist Ideology: Addressing the Conditions That Foster Terrorism

Authors: Dr. Kent Hughes Butts and Mr. Jeffrey C. Reynolds, Editors
Date Published: 20051201
To be successful, the United States combating terrorism policy must include the synchronized use of defense, diplomacy and development to address the multiple elements of a combating terrorism strategy. This includes the underlying conditions that terrorists seek to exploit to undermine the legitimacy of governments and facilitate terrorist recruiting campaigns. As valuable as the attack and disrupt mission may be, it fails to help at risk countries establish conditions that counter ideological support to terrorism and promote regional stability. This book examines the strategies, interagency process and regional approaches of the United States combating terrorism effort, emphasizes the importance of addressing the underlying conditions in supporting mainstream Muslim efforts to reject violent extremism, and makes policy recommendations to improve this effort.
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In Support of the Common Defense: Examining Critical Infrastructure Protection in the Public and Private Sectors

Authors: Prof. Bert Tussing, Editor, and Mr. John Wheatley, Associate Editor
Date Published: 20050728
A collection of essays dealing with Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) that developed out of a Center for Strategic Leadership workshop jointly sponsored by the Homeland Security Institute of George Washington University. The workshop, also entitled In Support of the Common Defense, attracted participants from a wide range of government and civilian organizations and agencies invested in the tasks associated with protecting the Nation?s infrastructure. The workshop and this collection of essays concentrates on the public and private perspectives on CIP and the partnerships required to establish strong infrastructure protection policies and programs.
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Env Sec Arabian Gulf -- Foreword

Authors: Butts, Griffard, Turner, and Wheatley, eds.
Date Published: 20040915
This is the Foreword section of the Conference Report: "Environmental Security Planning, Prevention, and Disaster Response in the Arabian Gulf Region"
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Env Sec Arabian Gulf 9-04 -- Appendix A

Authors: Butts, Griffard, Turner, and Wheatley, eds.
Date Published: 20040915
This is Appendix A of the Conference Report: Environmental Security Planning, Prevention, and Disaster Response in the Arabian Gulf Region. It contains the attendee list.
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Env Sec Arabian Gulf 9-04 -- Appendix B

Authors: Butts, Griffard, Turner, and Wheatley, eds.
Date Published: 20040915
This is Appendix B of the Conference Report: Environmental Security Planning, Prevention, and Disaster Response in the Arabian Gulf Region. It contains the conference agenda.
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Env Sec Arabian Gulf 9-04 -- Appendix C

Authors: Butts, Griffard, Turner, and Wheatley, eds.
Date Published: 20040915
This is Appendix C of the Conference Report: Environmental Security Planning, Prevention, and Disaster Response in the Arabian Gulf Region. It contains an explanation of the acronyms used within the report.
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Env Sec Arabian Gulf 9-04 -- Chapter 1

Authors: Butts, Griffard, Turner, and Wheatley, eds.
Date Published: 20040915
This is Chapter One of the Conference Report: Environmental Security Planning, Prevention, and Disaster Response in the Arabian Gulf Region. It contains: Introduction and Welcoming Remarks (Maj. Gen. Hamad bin Ali Al-Attia), Welcoming Remarks (Brig. Gen. George J. Trautman III), Welcoming Remarks and Setting the Azimuth (Dr. Kent Hughes Butts), Welcome and Introduction of Keynote Speaker (Ms. Alina Romanowski), and Keynote Address (Curtis Bowling)

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Env Sec Arabian Gulf 9-04 -- Chapter 2

Authors: Butts, Griffard, Turner, and Wheatley, eds.
Date Published: 20040915
This is Chapter Two of the Conference Report: Environmental Security Planning, Prevention, and Disaster Response in the Arabian Gulf Region. It contains: Introduction and Opening Remarks (Dr. Kent Hughes Butts), Report on Results of April 2000 Conference (Staff Col. Nasser bin Salim Al Tamtami), and Interagency Training for Disaster Response Exercise, September 2002 (Brig. Gen. Nasser Mohammed Al-Ali)

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Env Sec Arabian Gulf 9-04 -- Chapter 3

Authors: Butts, Griffard, Turner, and Wheatley, eds.
Date Published: 20040915
This is Chapter Three of the Conference Report: Environmental Security Planning, Prevention, and Disaster Response in the Arabian Gulf Region. It contains:Introduction and Petro-Chemical Environmental Concerns: Managing Environmental Pollution Resulting from Chemical and Hydrocarbon Materials (Mohammed Jassim Al-Maslamani), Water: Distribution and Water Quality in Qatar (Abdul Rahman Ali Al-Naama), and Health and Disease Response (Brig. Gen. Annette L. Sobel, M.D.)

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Env Sec Arabian Gulf 9-04 -- Chapter 4

Authors: Butts, Griffard, Turner, and Wheatley, eds.
Date Published: 20040915
This is Chapter Four of the Conference Report: Environmental Security Planning, Prevention, and Disaster Response in the Arabian Gulf Region. It contains: Introduction, 9/11: Multi-level Response and Management (Lieut. Col. Randy Lambrecht), Application of Remote Sensing to Environmental Hazard Mitigation (Dr. Michael Foose), and
Information Exchange and Management Tools: Partnership for Peace Information Management System and Defense Environmental Network Information Exchange (Ms. Jackie Hux Cain)

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Env Sec Arabian Gulf 9-04 -- Chapter 5

Authors: Butts, Griffard, Turner, and Wheatley, eds.
Date Published: 20040915
This is Chapter Five of the Conference Report: Environmental Security Planning, Prevention, and Disaster Response in the Arabian Gulf Region. It contains:Introduction, (Rear Admiral (Retired) John F. Sigler), Initial Reactions: Coordinating with the First Responders (Brig. Gen. Craig T. Boddington), Promoting Stability and Capability: Regional Cooperative Initiatives (Mr. Paul Malik), Turkish Earthquakes: Response, Lessons Learned, New Procedures and Mechanisms (Professor Mustafa Erdik), and Medical Responses (Dr. Abdul Wahab Al-Mosleh)

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Env Sec Arabian Gulf 9-04 -- Chapter 6

Authors: Butts, Griffard, Turner, and Wheatley, eds.
Date Published: 20040915
This is Chapter Six of the Conference Report: Environmental Security Planning, Prevention, and Disaster Response in the Arabian Gulf Region. It contains: Introduction, Coordinating Regional Disaster Response Activities (Mr. Gary Barrett), Environmental Post-Conflict Assessments: A New UN Tool Developed by UNEP (Mr. Pekka Haavisto), Existing Qatar and Gulf Cooperation Council Organizations and Mechanisms: Protection of the Environment (Mr. Khalid Al-Ali), and Multilateral Approaches to Consequence Management ? A Medical Perspective (Brig. Gen. [Doctor] Mohammed Al-Abbadi)

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Env Sec Arabian Gulf 9-04 -- Chapter 7

Authors: Butts, Griffard, Turner, and Wheatley, eds.
Date Published: 20040915
This is Chapter Seven of the Conference Report: Environmental Security Planning, Prevention, and Disaster Response in the Arabian Gulf Region. It contains: Breakout Workshops Reports and Recommendations including Introduction, I. Defining Environmental Security and Setting Regional Objectives, II. Environmental Security Intelligence, Detection, and Information Sharing, III. Regional Center/Command and Control Center, IV. Regional Training and Exercises, V. Managing Health and Disease Consequences, and VI. Executive Committee: The Next Steps and Way Ahead
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Env Sec Arabian Gulf 9-04 -- Chapter 8

Authors: Butts, Griffard, Turner, and Wheatley, eds.
Date Published: 20040915
This is Chapter Eight of the Conference Report: Environmental Security Planning, Prevention, and Disaster Response in the Arabian Gulf Region. It contains: Closing Remarks of Commander, United States Central Command (General Tommy R. Franks, United States Army), Closing Remarks of the Ambassador of the United States to Qatar (Ambassador Maureen E. Quinn), and Closing Remarks of the Chief of Staff of the Qatar Armed Forces (Major General Hamad bin Ali Al-Attia)

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Env Sec Arabian Gulf 9-04 -- Exec Summary

Authors: Butts, Griffard, Turner, and Wheatley, eds.
Date Published: 20040915
This is the Executive Summary section of the Conference Report: Environmental Security Planning, Prevention, and Disaster Response in the Arabian Gulf Region
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Environmental Security Planning, Prevention, and Disaster Response in the Arabian Gulf

Authors: Kent H. Butts, Bernard F. Griffard, Curtis W. Turner, and John B. Wheatley, editors.
Date Published: 20040915
Conference Report of the second Gulf Cooperation Council-U.S. Environmental Security Conference(Environmental Planning, Prevention And Disaster Response In The Arabian Gulf), conducted September 15-18, 2002 in Doha, Qatar. Attended by delegations from Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Jordan, this event supported the pillars of the new national security strategy: strengthening alliances to defeat global terrorism, deterring WMD threats, and developing agendas for cooperative action.
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Civil-Security Forces Environmental Cooperation in Central America and the Caribbean

Authors: Arthur L. Bradshaw, Jr.; Dr. Kent H. Butts; Earl Green, M.Sc.; John B. Wheatley; eds.
Date Published: 20040728
The Conference on Civil-Security Forces Environmental Cooperation in Central America and the Caribbean was held to share successful regional approaches to civil-security forces environmental cooperation, and to identify additional ways security forces and environmental and forestry authorities can work together to protect people from environmental threats to regional stability. Working groups on Training, Marine Resource Cooperation, and Terrestrial Resource Cooperation met and developed policy recommendations.
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Planning Considerations for International Involvement in an Israeli Withdrawal from Palestinian Territory

Authors: Amjad Atallah, Jarat Chopra, Yaser M. Dajani, Orit Gal, Joel Peters, and Mark Walsh
Date Published: 20040602
On 6-7 May 2004?in the wake of Likud?s rejection of Sharon?s disengagement plan from the Gaza Strip and parts of the northern West Bank?a group of Israelis, Palestinians and international officials and experts convened to address operational aspects of third party involvement in a withdrawal process. Chaired by Jarat Chopra and Mark Walsh, the meeting was hosted in Noordwijk aan Zee by the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, sponsored by the Programme for Security in International Society at the University of Cambridge Centre of International Studies and organized with Strategic Assessments Initiative. The aim of the discussions was to consider what can and cannot work from a functional perspective, within the context of social and political realities. The meeting explored a range of issues affecting the design of any third party role during the period of an Israeli withdrawal from Palestinian territory. The participants combined local and regional expertise, direct knowledge of the parties? positions and experience in complex peace operations, with humanitarian, military and transitional political elements. This mixture of individuals allowed the synthesis of area-specific information and lessons of multi-dimensional missions to produce comprehensive planning considerations. The following report is a reflection of the issues discussed, and incorporates many of the ideas contributed by the participants.
The report below identifies current strategic aspects of an Israeli withdrawal; describes the operating environment for a third party; outlines the potential nature of international involvement in the border regime, in Palestinian governance and in the transfer of assets in the Gaza Strip; and concludes with general planning factors and considerations.

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The U.S. Army's Initial Impressions of Operations Enduring Freedom and Noble Eagle

Authors: Dr. Conrad C. Crane
Date Published: 20030917
From 26 to 29 August 2002, the Army assembled representatives from its worldwide commands at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania to assess Army operations to date in the global war on terrorism. The participant?s initial impressions focused on Operation Enduring Freedom and Noble Eagle. They highlighted rapid and successful responses at home and in distant theaters from Afghanistan to the Philippines. They also revealed some shortcomings in current operations and insights for future operations.
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Planning Considerations for International Involvement in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict -- Part II

Authors: Prof. Jarat Chopra, Prof. Jim McCallum, Amjad Atallah, Orit Gal, Prof. Joel Peters, Yaser Dajani
Date Published: 20030514
Professor Jarat Chopra, Brown University, and Professor Jim McCallum, U.S. Army Peacekeeping Institute, and two Israeli authors, Orit Gal and Professor Joel Peters, and two Palestinian authors, Amjad Atallah and Yaser Dajani, wrote Planning Considerations for International Involvement in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict -- Part II, as a result of a meeting they attended at the University of Cambridge Centre of International Studies, UK 25-26 April 2003. At that meeting a group of Palestinians, Israelis and international officials convened for the second time. This second report outlines the latest regional and ground developments in the wake of war in Iraq; identifies further requirements of intervention as required by the parties and the realities of the current situation; considers the current monitoring approach in the "Roadmap" and assesses the degrees of international commitment available generally for third party involvement.
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Partnering for Environmental Security in Central Asia and the Caspian Region

Authors: COL Jeffrey C. Reynolds, Dr. Kent Hughes Butts, Mr. Arthur Bradshaw, Jr., Prof. Bernard F. Griffard
Date Published: 20030501
This is a report of the April 2002 USCENTCOM conference on Environmental Security in Central Asia and the Caspian Basin. The conference brought together senior military and civilian leaders from Central Asia and the Caspian Basin states, international academics, government and military subject matter experts, and non-governmental organizations to examine critical environmental issues that affect the security of the region. This conference focused on promoting multilateral cooperation on environmental security issues and disaster relief planning.
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Planning Considerations for International Involvement in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Authors: Prof. Jarat Chopra and Prof. Jim McCallum with Amjad Atallah and Gidi Grinstein
Date Published: 20030303
Professor Jarat Chopra, Brown University, and Professor Jim McCallum, U.S. Army Peacekeeping Institute, with an Israeli author, Gidi Grinstein, and a Palestinian author, Amjad Atallah, wrote Planning Considerations for International Involvement in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict as a result of a meeting they attended in the Netherlands 5-7 January 2003. At that meeting a group of Palestinians, Israelis and international officials convened for the first time to address the operational aspects of third party intervention in the current conflict. The following report is a reflection of the issues discussed, and incorporates many of the ideas contributed by the participants.
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Central Africa Workshop on African Security Issues

Authors: Dr. Kent H. Butts and Prof. Arthur L. Bradshaw
Date Published: 20020701
On September 18 and 19, 2001, a two-day workshop on African security issues focusing on the Democratic Republic of the Congo. An assemblage of government, academic, and private sector experts joined together to deliver and listen to presentations on critical aspects of Central African security, and debated their conclusions and defended their positions in an informal exchange with United States intelligence community analysts.
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Responding to Terror: A Report on the U.S. Army War College Consequence Management Symposium

Authors: Prof. Bert B. Tussing and COL Jeffrey C. Reynolds
Date Published: 20020501
The Consequence Management Symposium was conducted by the Center for Strategic Leadership (CSL), at the Collins Center, United States Army War College on August 21-23, 2001. It was co-sponsored by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). The purpose of the conference was to contribute to the ongoing debate over domestic defense, and to identify opportunities and approaches to solutions in this area of vital national interest. The symposium examined the infrastructure designed to meet those needs; evolving policy to strengthen that infrastructure; and, in particular, the role of the military in providing and supporting responses to catastrophic attacks on the civil sector.
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Planning Considerations for International Involvement in Post-Taliban Afghanistan

Authors: Jarat Chorpa, Jim McCallum, and Alexander Thier
Date Published: 20011101
On November 14, 2001 - the day after the fall of Kabul - the US Army Peacekeeping Institute, Carlisle, PA, in collaboration with the Thomas J. Watson Jr. Institute for International Studies at Brown University, hosted an informal meeting on Afghanistan. The purpose of the meeting was to explore a range of options and issues affecting the design of international intervention in Afghanistan. The following report is a reflection of the issues discussed, and incorporates many of the ideas contributed by meeting participants.
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Russian National Security: Perceptions, Policies, and Prospects

Authors: Prof. Michael H. Crutcher
Date Published: 20011101
This is an anthology of papers presented at a conference titled "Russian National Security: Perceptions, Policies, and Prospects" conducted from 4-6 December 2000. The book organizes the papers into six sections - The Russian National Security Community, Russia and Europe, Russian Policy Towards the Caucasus and Central Asia, Russia and Asia, Russia and the United States, and Russia's Military Transformation.
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Responding to Environmental Challenges in Central Asia and the Caspian Basin

Authors: LTC Edward L. Hughes, Dr. Kent H. Butts, Prof. Bernard F. Griffard, and Mr. Arthur L. Bradshaw
Date Published: 20010301
This discusses the results of a USCENTCOM conference discussing the Environmental Challenges in Central Asia and the Caspian Basin. Some of the issues discussed and reported on in this series of papers are the minimization of the military?s impact on the environment and the ways the military can support civil authorities.
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The Russian Armed Forces at the Dawn of the Millennium

Authors: Prof. Michael H. Crutcher
Date Published: 20001201
This is an anthology of papers presented at a conference titled "Russian Armed Forces at the Dawn of the Millennium" conducted from 7-9 February 2000. The book organizes the papers into four sections- The Domestic-Political Environment, The State of the Russian Military, Russia?s International Situation and Russian Military Initiatives.
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The Role of the Military in Protecting the World's Water Resources

Authors: Dr. Kent H. Butts, Mr. Arthur L. Bradshaw, and Mr. Brian D. Smith
Date Published: 20000701
This is the report of a workshop held to explore the issue of use and impact on the world?s water resources by the world?s militaries. The workshop explored how militaries can accomplish their mission while lessening their impact on the environmental quality of water resources and the use of regular operations in risk management.
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Caspian Sea Environmental Security Game

Authors: Dr. Kent H. Butts and Mr. Arthur L. Bradshaw
Date Published: 19990701
This game report details the extent of the energy supplies available in the Caspian Sea Basin. The report then describes some of the transport and environmental constraints on use of these supplies by countries outside of the region. The bulk of the report consists of papers presented during the game.
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Regional Asia-Pacific Defense Environmental Workshop

Authors: Ms. Catherine A. J. Phinney and Dr. Kent H. Butts
Date Published: 19980501
This workshop explored the how defense assets and expertise can be applied toward a number environmental resources, strategies, practices and operations. The workshop findings concentrated on the resources and options available in the Asia-Pacific region, primarily in climate change, energy, fisheries and disaster response.
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International Environmental Security: The Regional Dimension

Authors: Mr. Arthur L. Bradshaw
Date Published: 19980101
This executive seminar furthered the international community?s understanding of environmental security, promote the Department of State?s Environmental Hub concept, and to provide federal agencies and CINCs with regional perspectives on how the United States could use the environment to promote regional security.
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NATO/CCMS Environmental Security Conference

Authors: Dr. Kent H. Butts
Date Published: 19970901
This study elaborates conclusions and recommendations to enhance environmental aspects in security deliberations, and to include security considerations in national and international environmental policies and instruments. It also analyzes the relationship between environmental change and security.
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Environmental Security and Preventative Defense

Authors: Mr. John Auger
Date Published: 19970801
Preventative defense presumes that defense establishments have a role to play in addressing national concerns and promoting regional security and cooperation. Defense environmental cooperation can support this essential component of national security strategy.
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A Blueprint for a Bold Restructuring of the Organization for National Security

Authors: COL Michael Pasquarett and Prof. James Kievit
Date Published: 19970301
This paper recommends a bold restructuring of major portions of the Department of Defense and Department of State as an initial step in restructuring all U.S. national security organizations. The proposed changes are meant to improve the implementation of U.S. policy.
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